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Goal Balance, Function (LL), Function (UL), Impairment (UL, )Motor Performance (UL), Walking Speed
ICF Activity, Body Function/Structure
Main Goals Balance, Mobility, Upper Limb
Scale 10 Minutes walking Test (10MWT), Action Research Arm Test (ARAT), Fugl-Meyer Assessment-UL (FMA-UL), Fugl-Meyer assessment-LL (FMA-LL), Functional Reach Test, Timed Up and Go (TUG), Wolf Motor Function Test (WMFT)

Data from 6 Systematic Reviews


Motor imagery may aid in improving gait/lower limbs:
  • Walking speed (3 SR)
  • Balance (2 SR) (1 SR Did not find MI significant for balance)
  • Motor functions of lower limbs (2 SR)
Motor Imagery may aid in improving Upper limbs:
  • UL motor performances (3 SR)
  • UL function (3 SR)
  • UL impairment (1 SR)

Scales Influenced by Motor Imagery

  • Fugl-Meyer assessment-Upper Limb (2 SR)
  • Action Research Arm Test (ARAT) (3 SR)
  • Wolf Motor Function Test (WMFT) (1 SR)
  • Functional Reach Test (2 SR)
  • Fugl-Meyer assessment-lower Limb (1 SR)
  • Timed Up and Go (TUG) (2 SR)
  • 10 Minutes walking Test (1 SR)

Assessing the ability for imagining movement

  • Movement Imaginary Questionnaire-Revised
  • MIQ-RS
  • Time Dependent Motor Imagery test.


  • Frequency: 3-5 sessions per week.
  • Intensity: 9 to 41 Minutes per session, most recommended 20 minutes, it can be done inform of repetition/set.
  • Time: 3.6 to 8 weeks.
  • Type:
    • Graded Motor Imagery.
    • Internal perspective: First Person Perspective.
    • External perspective: Third Person Perspective.


  • Motor imagery is best when used as a adjuvant technique.
  • There is a lack of ways that we can measure if patient is performing MI correctly.

  1. Motor Imagery as a Complementary Technique for Functional Recovery After Stroke: A Systematic Review
  1. Effects of Motor Imagery on Walking Function and Balance in Patients After Stroke: A Quantitative Synthesis of Randomized Controlled Trials
  1. Efficacy of motor imagery additional to motor based therapy in the recovery of motor function of the upper limb in post-stroke individuals: a systematic review
  1. Motor Imagery Training After Stroke: A Systematic Review and Meta-analysis of Randomized Controlled Trials
  1. Motor Imagery: A Systematic Review of Its Effectiveness in the Rehabilitation of the Upper Limb Following a Stroke
  1. Rehabilitation of Motor Function after Stroke: A Multiple Systematic Review Focused on Techniques to Stimulate Upper Extremity Recovery